0

How a Container Terminal Works

As a followup to the ShipSpotting 101 post on Container vessels, A look at how the Container terminal operates was in order. The process here applies to both terminals in Halifax.

_MG_7193

Loading and Unloading trucks and railcars is known as working the terminal.Once the train arrives, the locks holding the Containers together must be released. this is done by a guy on a platform on the back of a truck. they unlock one side of the train, then flip to the other side and release it.

In this Case, a Toplift picks up the container, and backs up. a yard tractor advances, and the container is placed on a Chassis. The yard tractor then takes the container to its appointed block. Someone then removes the locks from the top of the bottom container still in the rail car.

Each block is sorted by ship, so all containers destined for a vessel go to the appointed blocks. Once there, another toplift picks up the container and adds it to the stack. the container will then dwell here until the appointed ship arrives. Similarly, outgoing containers will dwell in a stack until they can be loaded onto a train or truck. Halifax Dwell time is less then 2 days.

_MG_7122

Outside the terminal group, there is a lashing force, and a number of crane units. These handle containers on and off the ship.

13398483_1778478165701187_903431950_n[1]

The lashing force has the task of releasing locks, and removing the lashings used to secure the container stacks on deck. The locks are released by pulling on a tail on the lock with a long pole. the locks release the top container from the one below it, and remain inserted in the bottom of the container. a team stationed at the brow of the ship, removes the locks as the yard tractor brings the container around.

Deck containers sit on hatch covers – which they are locked to. however the hatch covers are not held down. the lashing rods help stabilize the stack and secure it and the hatch cover to the deck. In the photo above, the platform is the hatch cover itself, and you can see the lashings securing the stack to the catwalk. bellow is a look down one of the catwalks. The rods are inserted on an angle into the containers, then the bottom is placed in a turnbuckle (AKA a Bottle) and tightened.

12917852_579181522229448_1612875436_n[1]

Each hatch is identified by 3 numbers. the Middle number is used if 40′ containers are used. the two side numbers are used if there are two 20′ containers on the hatch. In other words, you can have a 40′ in row 21, or a 20′ in row 20, and a 20′ in row 22. containers longer then 40′ go on top of the stacks, and over hang the walkways between stacks. (Some vessels, Such as Oceanex Sanderling, have deck positions for 53′ containers) Containers below the hatch covers are held in place by guides – so there are no lashings or locks to be undone. below we are looking into one of the holds. its 9 containers deep.
13259674_1704966343104145_797837561_n[1]

Each crane unit Consists of the equipment and men required to run one crane and Supply it with containers. Besides the crane itself, it consists of yard gantry’s and top lifts, as well as 5 yard tractors. ideally each crane unit moves 30 containers an hour.

13398554_838994832900379_1669648389_n[1]

Containers are sorted on ship by destination. So all containers destined for Halifax will be located in only a few stacks. when loading, the containers get placed based on their destination. As Containers come off a checker in the crane records the serial number and indicates which block in the yard it should be placed in. the Crane pulls a container off ship, places it on a yard tractor, the yard tractor takes it to the appointed block, Stoping at the brow to have the locks removed,  and a toplift or yard gantry removes it and adds it to the stack. Loading the process works in reverse

0

United Arab Shipping Co Adds Halifax call starting in October

The United Arab Shipping Company is due to start calling in October. As Part of the Ocean3 Alliance

CMA CGM, China Shipping Container Lines and United Arab Shipping Co. formed the Oceans 3 Alliance in September 2014, and operate  a route between Asia and the east coast via Suez, and another via panama. The new service reportedly originates in Shanghai.

UASC has six 18,800-TEU ships on order and China Shipping is awaiting delivery of five 19,000-TEU units, which will be the largest container vessels afloat. CMA CGM has six 17,700 to 17,800-TEU units on order, scheduled for delivery in 2015.

More to follow.

0

2014 Cruise schedule released

The 2014 Halifax Cruise Schedule was released, and Begins on May 4th with the arrival of Celebrity Cruises’ Infinity, and ends Nov 15th with First time visitor Hamburg.

Additional inaugural calls of ships visiting  Halifax for the first time in 2014 include

  • Celebrity Infinity
  • Carnival Splendor
  • Seabourn Quest
  • Crystal Serenity
  • Royal Princess
  • Ruby Princess
  • Legend of the Seas
  • Insignia
  • Hamburg

Maasdam is back as a regular, though Carnival Glory has been replaced by the Carnival Splendor and only in the fall. Also of Note is the Arrival of the Pearl Mist in July, and Again in October. Pearl Mist you may remember was built at Halifax Shipyards, and then laid up in Shelburne over contract disputes. (See Posts Here)

The full schedule can be found at http://www.cruisehalifax.ca/our-visitors/index.html

    0

    Hering Cove Weather buoy now online

    The official launch of the SmartATLANTIC Herring Cove Buoy website took place today in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

    This new website provides real-time data from the inshore weather buoy that was originally deployed in the waters off Herring Cove, Nova Scotia on November 7, 2013. The data includes high resolution weather and wave forecasting for the Halifax Port Authority and will be used for education and scientific research.
    Its has the ability to provide real-time weather and directional wave information online for shipping operations and recreational boaters. With accurate data, shipping companies will have additional information to safely navigate their vessels through the waterways leading into the Port of Halifax. This technology improves the port’s reliability, and supports better planning and more efficient operations by shippers and others using it.

    Find the Buoy Data at http://www.smartatlantic.ca/Halifax/buoy.php

    0

    Irving Oil to Replace Wharf?

    Reports are that as a result of the refinery shutdown, Irving Oil is looking to rebuild their wharf at woodside. Irving currently Has a tank farm at woodside, however since their old wharf was condemned, have been accessing it via Imperial Oil. recently core drilling has been taking place in its vicintiy.

    With the Shutdown of the refinery, Other Oil Producers will want to have less reliance on Imperial Oils facilities – Especially Irving, who now operated the only east coast refinery in Canada.

    (Above – Irving Tanker Acadian at Imperial Oil Wharf) See this ShipFax Post for photos of the old Irving Oil Dock

    0

    Ships loosing power!?!??

    Head over to ShipFax and read his Piece – “It Could Happen Again”

    late on Nov4, OOCL Oakland Outbound lost power in the Narrows. An incident was averted thanks to the use of a tethered tug that was able to stear the ship and stop the ship.

    Probably the worst case scenario is a ship hitting a bridge. The towers are protected by rocks, so they are likely safe, however most of the large container ships must pass directly in the center of the bridge, and then do so with about 2m to spare – the height of an average doorway.

    (Left) You can see on of the tugs tethered to the side of the OOCL vessel. there is another at the rear. This shot is from the MacDonald bridge, and you can see how close the vessel comes.

    I posed some questions to Halifax Harbour Bridges, they were very prompt with their responces. Alison from Halifax Harbour bridges Confirmed they Monitor Marine VHF. And also provided the following about this specific Incident

    On commercial shipping we primarily deal with Halifax Traffic. In this incident a PAN PAN call was not issued. However, we set up for a PAN PAN situation (standard procedure). We remained in a heightened state of readiness until the ship cleared the bridge and was put at anchor. Our operations centre monitored the passage through our zone using our security cameras (standard procedure) .

    HHB routinely conducts drills on emergency procedures internally and in partnership with HRM and the provincial EMO for incidents on, under and around our facilities.

    The ship could also ground. This most recently happened near Woodside on 07 June 1992, the Swedish-flag container/roll-on roll-off vessel “CONCERT EXPRESS” was under the conduct of a pilot in Halifax Harbour in dense fog. During a manoeuvre around a vessel at anchor, the “CONCERT EXPRESS” grounded and sustained extensive hull bottom damage.
    (Photo Below of Concert Express Aground by IOL thanks to Wave Point Consulting)

    Lets also not forget the possibility of a collision with another vessel – HMCS Preserver had power issues not to long ago and Struck the Nova Dock. 

    0

    Concrete Artificial Reef Balls Off Point Pleasent

    Dominion diving was spotted lowering Concrete shapes into the harbor off Point Pleasent park. The Reef balls were designed to promote marine life, and are being deployed in consultation with Clean Nova Scotia.

    The Reef balls were born out of a desire to offset damaged caused to the Marine environment by the construction of Piers and docks. If an area is damaged due to construction, the use of these shapes can allow an equivalent environment to be created where there was not one previously.

    Dominion and Clean NS are deploying 100 of these blocks – 50 off Point Pleasant, and 50 more off Mcnabs island.

    0

    Crane Move on Weather Delay.

    Looks like work is held up due to Rain.
    Zhen Hua 19 has moved into Position at pier 42, however no work has been done to load the crane.

    UPDATE: Apprently they couldnt get the pins out to remove the wheels. the crane will be re-located over land.

    Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...