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Shipspotting 101: Sailing vessels

Cat Boat

catboats are simple, and feature only a main sail. the Opti or the Laser are common Examples. Not restricted to small dingys, the  Hinterhoeller built Nonsuch is a cat rigged keel boat that was built in lengths of 22-40 feet.

 

Sloop

sloops feature 2 sails – a Main sail behind the mast, and a Jib forward. a Jib will not extend rearward beyond the mast, however a Genoa will. Genoa’s are also known as an overlapping jib, and can be seen on the examples above. this is also a Simple fore and aft rig (with a sail infront, and behind the mast) which will be repeated on larger vessels.

Yawl / Ketch

Dorothea is a ketch. Both vessels add a second “Mizzen” mast behind the main sail, the difference in name comes from whether that mast is located Fore or Aft of the Rudder post. In Dorothea’s case, the rudder is on the Transom, So its a Ketch. The Mizzen mast on a Yawl is typically much smaller then the main, and as far to the rear as possible.

a famous yawl was Joshua Slocum’s vessel Spray

Schooner

Schooners are a complicated sail plan, because there can be so much variation. Bluenose is an example of a Gaff rigged schooner. A schooner is a ship rigged the main sail (largest) on the main mast, and a foresail on the foremast. The Gaff rig refers to the the spar member at the top of the sail, which allows for more sail area as the sail doesn’t need to be triangularly shaped to come to a point at the mast.

3 masted schooners are also common, and simply add an additional sails. (the largest schooner featured 7 masts) topsail schooners feature additional top sails on the masts, as seen on the Pride of Baltimore II.

Finally a Bermuda rig schooner features triangular sails off the fore and main masts, as you would see in a sloop. – Not surprisingly, the Bermuda rig is found on the 3 masted schooner Spirit of Bermuda. This Ship also Shows the relative hights of the Masts – the Main Mast (the center mast, carrying the largest sail) is Tallest, the foremast is next, and the mizzen is shortest. The Spirit of Bermuda’s masts are also Raked – or angled rearward. this was done to improve performance of the ship.

Brigantine

A brigantine is like a schooner, however it features a Gaff rigged main sail on the main mast, and is Square rigged on the foremast. While many historical examples exist, the only current examples I know both belong to Bytown Brigantine, The Black Jack, and Fair Jeanne (pictured)

Brig

A brig features 2 square rigged masts. the Main Mast features a Small Gaff rigged sail as well to improve maneuverability. the US Brig Niagara is a replica of Oliver Hazard Perry’s relief flagship on the great lakes durign the war of 1812.

Barquentine

A Barquentine is a vessel with 3 or more masts – the foremast being Square rigged and the others being gaff rigged. Peacemaker (above) is an example.

Barque

A barque is a vessel with 3 or more masts, the foremast and main mast being square rigged, and the Mizzen mast gaff riged. The Picton Castle is a good example of a barque.

Full Rigged Ship

A full rigged ship features 3 or more masts, all square rigged. The Italian Navy vessel Amerigo Vespucci is a full rigged ship, though I don’t have a photo of her with her sails up.

 

Finally, In Summary:

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RDV2017 – the Halifax Side

 

(above) Oosterschelde (below) Golden Liew. Both at Purdys Wharf.

(above) St. Lawrence II at Saltys. (below) Bluenose at the Museum Wharf.

(above) Spirit of North Carolina at Museum Wharf (below) Alexander von Humboldt at Ectug.

(above) HMCS Oriole at Ectug (below) El Galeon at Salter block

(above sand below) Jolie Brise, Vahine, Spaniel, Rona II


 

(above)Regina Germania and Peter Von Danzig  (below) Geronimo

 

(above) Atyla  (below) Impossible Dream, both at bishops Landing

(above) Spirit of Bermuda (below) Mists of Avalon


(above) Wylde Swan (below) Blue Clipper

(below) USCG Eagle

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Tall Ships Arrival Details

 

Due Today (July 28th):

BLUENOSE due at 10:00am to museaum wharf

ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT II due 10:30 for Summit Place

USCG Eagle is due at pier 20 at 14:30

RONA II is due at 14:00

OOSTERSCHELDE 1500 for Purdys Wharf

SPIRIT of BERMUDA is due at 16:00

WYLDE SWAN is due at 1700

ATYLA due 16:30 at bishops landing.

GULDEN LEEUW is Due at Purdys Wharf, 17:00.

VAHINE is due Bishops Landing at 18:00

BLUE CLIPPER is due at tall Ships Quay at 19:00

GERONIMO due at Bishops Landing at 1900

All vessels should be tying up about 30-45 minutes after the posted times.

HMCS Moncton is open today for tours From July 28 to 30, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., and on July 31 from 10 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. at Alderney Landing, Dartmouth

 

July 27th Arrivals

The SPIRIT OF SOUTH CAROLINA, is due to tie up next to HMCS Sackville,  and the GALEON ANDALUCIA is due at bishops landing.

These have arrived and tied up.  HMCS Oriole and Spirit of Avalon also arrived on the 27Th. Photos of these arrivals are posted at http://blog.halifaxshippingnews.ca/2017/07/todays-arrivals-2.html

 

Details from the RCN:

HMC Ships Oriole and Moncton will be open to the public as follows:

  • HMCS Oriole: From July 29 to 31, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., on the Halifax Waterfront, south side of Svitzer Wharf. HMCS Oriole is the Royal Canadian Navy’s oldest commissioned vessel still in service. She built in 1921 and commissioned in June 1952, and is normally stationed in Esquimalt.

HMCS Moncton: From July 28 to 30, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., and on July 31 from 10 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. at Alderney Landing, Dartmouth

Additional updates and Arrivals will be posted at http://blog.halifaxshippingnews.ca/2017/07/tall-ships-arrivals-tonight.html

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2x Training Ships at the Ocean Terminals

Saturday brought the Arrival of 2 training ships. The First, The Italian Navy sail training vessel Amerigo Vespucci. Named after an Italian explorer  the vessel is a full rigged three-masted steel hull 270.34 ft long, width of 15.5 m 51 ft. She has a draught of about seven metres (23 ft). She was built in 1930/31 and the design was inspired by the style of large late 18th century 74-cannon ships of the line. She is home-ported in La Spezia. I believe she was last in Halifax in 2000.

She will be open for tours at Pier 20 today 1600 – 1830 and 2030 to 2200, and tomorrow 1030-1200 and 1530-1700

The Second training Vessel is the TS State of Maine, which belongs to the Maine Maritime Academy. Built in 1990, she is the ex USNS Tanner (T-AGS-40) and was laid up following an engine room fire in 1993. In 1996 she began conversion to the training ship, and went on her first voyage in 1997. She is tied up at pier 23, and is not open to the public.

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