Alex Thomson and his Hugo Boss Imoca 60 racing yacht arrived at the Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron last night. built to compete in Distance off shore races – Thomson last ran the 2016 Vendee Globe. The yacht is built for single handed operation.
The Yacht will be making stops in Canada and America in June & July this year. The dates and stops are as follows: Montreal – 2nd – 4th June Toronto – 11th – 15th June Boston 1st – 3rd July New York – 10th – 15th July
Thompson is probably best known outside sailing circles for his Hugo Boss Promotional work Which featured climbing the mast while the boat was heeled, Standing on the Keel, And wakeboarding behind the boat.
catboats are simple, and feature only a main sail. the Opti or the Laser are common Examples. Not restricted to small dingys, the Hinterhoeller built Nonsuch is a cat rigged keel boat that was built in lengths of 22-40 feet.
sloops feature 2 sails – a Main sail behind the mast, and a Jib forward. a Jib will not extend rearward beyond the mast, however a Genoa will. Genoa’s are also known as an overlapping jib, and can be seen on the examples above. this is also a Simple fore and aft rig (with a sail infront, and behind the mast) which will be repeated on larger vessels.
Yawl / Ketch
Dorothea is a ketch. Both vessels add a second “Mizzen” mast behind the main sail, the difference in name comes from whether that mast is located Fore or Aft of the Rudder post. In Dorothea’s case, the rudder is on the Transom, So its a Ketch. The Mizzen mast on a Yawl is typically much smaller then the main, and as far to the rear as possible.
a famous yawl was Joshua Slocum’s vessel Spray
Schooners are a complicated sail plan, because there can be so much variation. Bluenose is an example of a Gaff rigged schooner. A schooner is a ship rigged the main sail (largest) on the main mast, and a foresail on the foremast. The Gaff rig refers to the the spar member at the top of the sail, which allows for more sail area as the sail doesn’t need to be triangularly shaped to come to a point at the mast.
3 masted schooners are also common, and simply add an additional sails. (the largest schooner featured 7 masts) topsail schooners feature additional top sails on the masts, as seen on the Pride of Baltimore II.
Finally a Bermuda rig schooner features triangular sails off the fore and main masts, as you would see in a sloop. – Not surprisingly, the Bermuda rig is found on the 3 masted schooner Spirit of Bermuda. This Ship also Shows the relative hights of the Masts – the Main Mast (the center mast, carrying the largest sail) is Tallest, the foremast is next, and the mizzen is shortest. The Spirit of Bermuda’s masts are also Raked – or angled rearward. this was done to improve performance of the ship.
A brigantine is like a schooner, however it features a Gaff rigged main sail on the main mast, and is Square rigged on the foremast. While many historical examples exist, the only current examples I know both belong to Bytown Brigantine, The Black Jack, and Fair Jeanne (pictured)
A brig features 2 square rigged masts. the Main Mast features a Small Gaff rigged sail as well to improve maneuverability. the US Brig Niagara is a replica of Oliver Hazard Perry’s relief flagship on the great lakes durign the war of 1812.
A Barquentine is a vessel with 3 or more masts – the foremast being Square rigged and the others being gaff rigged. Peacemaker (above) is an example.
A barque is a vessel with 3 or more masts, the foremast and main mast being square rigged, and the Mizzen mast gaff riged. The Picton Castle is a good example of a barque.
Full Rigged Ship
A full rigged ship features 3 or more masts, all square rigged. The Italian Navy vessel Amerigo Vespucci is a full rigged ship, though I don’t have a photo of her with her sails up.
HMC Ships Oriole and Moncton will be open to the public as follows:
HMCS Oriole: From July 29 to 31, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., on the Halifax Waterfront, south side of Svitzer Wharf. HMCS Oriole is the Royal Canadian Navy’s oldest commissioned vessel still in service. She built in 1921 and commissioned in June 1952, and is normally stationed in Esquimalt.
HMCS Moncton: From July 28 to 30, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., and on July 31 from 10 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. at Alderney Landing, Dartmouth
The Dutch two masted topsail schooner Wylde Swan will arrive at Tall Ships Quay (in front of the Nova Scotia Power Headquarters) tomorrow morning. She is scheduled to pick up her pilot at 0800. She sails on the 17th.